The open science policy of funding agencies and its implementation in HAL


Written by Agnès Magron

The CCSD proposed the webinar “Open science policy of financing agencies and its implementation in HAL” on September 27th, 2022.

The speakers were Zoé Ancion (head of the Open Science division at the French National Research Agency ), Sophie Guitton (Manager of Scientific and Technical Information at ANSES, Deputy Director, Research Financing and Scientific Watch Department ) and Bénédicte Kuntziger (head of the User assistance service at CCSD).

The recording is available (in french) :

In 2020, French funding agencies (l’ADEME, l’ANR, l’ANRS-MIE, l’Anses, et l’INCa) signed a joint declaration in favor of Open Science. The objective is to define a concerted approach and harmonize their practices. The first commitment of this common policy aims to “promote free access to scientific publications resulting from funded projects”

HAL is a key player : all the agencies are committed to deploy the same policy which requires the deposit in HAL (or through a local institutional archive) of scientific publications, and to work on the implementation of the Rights retention strategy.

The ANR’s policy

The National Funding Agency (ANR) is involved in open science since 2017. Its objective is to support the transition to open science. and make open science the standard value. This policy is based  on a partnership with the CCSD, within the network of funding agencies.

The grantees of projects funded by the ANR from 2022 commit to :

  • Make available in immediate open access all scientific publications resulting from ANR projects in open access under the Creative Commons License (CC-BY) or equivalent.
  • Submitting, at the time of publication at the latest, the full text of the scientific publications (Author Accepted Manuscript or Version of Record) in the national open archive HAL and mention the ANR research project reference (e.g. ANR-22-CE64-00014).
  • Furthermore, the ANR encourages its grantees to publish in open access their books and monographs resulting from their grants and recommends the deposit of preprints in open archive or platforms.
  • Finally, in accordance with the second national plan for open science, the ANR recommends its grantees to make available their software developed during the research project under an open license and encourages the storage of their sources codes in Software Heritage with the description in HAL with the indication of the reference (decision code) of the ANR funding.

The ANR has a HAL portal since 2020. All the deposits with the reference of an ANR project in the metadata are displayed in this portal.

The ANSES’s policy

The Anses (The French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety) undertakes monitoring, expert assessment, research and reference activities in a broad range of topics that encompass human health, animal health and well-being, and plant health. It also a funding agency committed to implement the common measures of the open science policy of funding agencies for its national research program Environment-Health-Work (PNR EST).

As the ANR does, the ANSES shares the data describing its financed projects on the open platform for French public data The purpose of the HAL portal is to optimise scientific and institutional visibility of the Agency and of its laboratories, ensure that the results of the Agency’s research are distributed, and ensure continuity for the data stored in the archive.

How is this policy implemented in HAL?

In order to use in HAL standardized metadata describing funded projects, the CCSD and the ANR have developed the following method:

  • funding agencies produce datasets for the projects, that are structured and in open formats ;
  • they share the datasets on the open national platform ;
  • the CCSD queries and iimpors these datasets into aureHAL (see example).

This methodology will be applied to all funding agencies as the common policy is developed.

The decision code of the funded project, the project leader and his/her ORCID identifier, and the organization’s RNSR identifier are the key metadata to ensure interoperability.

Ultimately, there will be an interface on HAL that ease find the funder and the funded project.



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